I will be presenting my paper titled “The Akkadian Period at Khafajah in the Diyala Region: A Chronological Assessment” at the ASOR Annual Meeting in San Diego, November 20-23. Stay tuned for a specific date and time!
The abstract for my paper:
Around 2350 BC, king Sargon of Akkad united the Mesopotamian city states into a larger political entity that extended from the Persian Gulf into Northern Syria. Textual and archaeological sources indicate that the core area of the Akkadian empire was in the Diyala region. This paper will investigate the site of Khafajah, ancient Tutub in the Diyala region, excavated by the Oriental Institute’s Diyala Project. Archival sketches and plans were incorporated into comprehensive digitized plans, and artifacts were plotted to their findspots and locus areas. The results show that the latest levels at the site correspond to the early and late Akkadian periods respectively. Plans from the first season of excavation reveal the architectural relationship of the Temple Oval II buttressed wall to the domestic Houses 2 level, with inscriptions of Rimush suggesting early Akkadian dating. A substantial architectural reconfiguration involving the construction of a walled quarter and the “Akkadian foundations” complex on the north of the mound in the latest archaeological levels can probably be associated with the rule of Naram-Sin based on a fragmentary inscription from a locus below the monumental entrance to the Temple Oval III. There was a development of militarization and martial cultuer at Khafajah in the EDIII to Akkadian period, with an increase in weaponry in the assemblage, the advent of objects with artistic depictions of military scenes, the appearance of weapons as grave goods, and the construction of fortifications.